1. politics-dz

    politics-dz مدير الموقع إداري politico نجم المنتدى

    Country:
    Algeria
    إنضم إلينا في:
    ‏22 فبراير 2015
    المشاركات:
    3,918
    الإعجابات المتلقاة:
    3,844
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    TABLE OF CONTENTS
    I. Overview of America’s National Security Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
    II. Champion Aspirations for Human Dignity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
    III. Strengthen Alliances to Defeat Global Terrorism and Work to Prevent Attacks
    Against Us and Our Friends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
    IV. Work with Other to Defuse Regional Conflicts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
    V. Prevent Our Enemies from Threatening Us, Our Allies, and Our Friends with Weapons of Mass Destruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
    VI. Ignite a New Era of Global Economic Growth through Free Markets and Free Trade. . . 25
    VII. Expand the Circle of Development by Opening Societies and Building the Infrastructure of Democracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
    VIII. Develop Agendas for Cooperative Action with the Other Main Centers of Global Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
    IX. Transform America’s National Security Institutions to Meet the Challenges and Opportunities of the 21st Century . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
    X. Engage the Opportunities and Confront the Challenges of Globalization . . . . . . . 47
    XI. Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
    I. Overview of America’s National Security Strategy

    It is the policy of the United States to seek and support democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture, with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world. In the world today, the fundamental character of regimes matters as much as the distribution of power among them. The goal of our statecraft is to help create a world of democratic, well-governed states that can meet the needs of their citizens and conduct themselves responsibly in the international system. This is the best way to provide enduring security for the American people.
    Achieving this goal is the work of generations. The United States is in the early years of a long struggle, similar to what our country faced in the early years of the Cold War. The 20th century witnessed the triumph of freedom over the threats of fascism and communism. Yet a new totalitarian ideology now threatens, an ideology grounded not in secular philosophy but in the perversion of a proud religion. Its content may be different from the ideologies of the last century, but its means are similar: intolerance, murder, terror, enslavement, and repression.
    Like those who came before us, we must lay the foundations and build the institutions that our country needs to meet the challenges we face. The chapters that follow will focus on several essential tasks. The United States must:
    • Champion aspirations for human dignity;
    • Strengthen alliances to defeat global terrorism and work to prevent attacks against us and our friends;
    • Work with others to defuse regional conflicts;
    • Prevent our enemies from threatening us, our allies, and our friends with weapons of mass destruction (WMD);
    • Ignite a new era of global economic growth through free markets and free trade;
    • Expand the circle of development by opening societies and building the infrastructure of democracy;
    • Develop agendas for cooperative action with other main centers of global power;
    • Transform America’s national security institutions to meet the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century; and
    • Engage the opportunities and confront the challenges of globalization.

    II. Champion Aspirations for Human Dignity

    A. Summary of National Security Strategy 2002
    The United States must defend liberty and justice because these principles are right and true for all people everywhere. These nonnegotiable demands of human dignity are protected most securely in democracies. The United States Government will work to advance human dignity in word and deed, speaking out for freedom and against violations of human rights and allocating appropriate resources to advance these ideals.

    B. Successes and Challenges since 2002
    Since 2002, the world has seen extraordinary progress in the expansion of freedom, democracy, and human dignity:
    • The peoples of Afghanistan and Iraq have replaced tyrannies with democracies.
    • In Afghanistan, the tyranny of the Taliban has been replaced by a freely-elected government; Afghans have written and ratified a constitution guaranteeing rights and freedoms unprecedented in their history; and an elected legislature gives the people a regular voice in their government.
    • In Iraq, a tyrant has been toppled; over 8 million Iraqis voted in the nation’s first free and fair election; a freely negotiated constitution was passed by a referendum in which almost 10 million Iraqis participated; and, for the first time in their history, nearly 12 million Iraqis have elected a permanent government under a popularly determined constitution.
    • The people of Lebanon have rejected the heavy hand of foreign rule. The people of Egypt have experienced more open but still flawed elections. Saudi Arabia has taken some preliminary steps to give its citizens more of a voice in their government. Jordan has made progress in opening its political process. Kuwait and Morocco are pursuing agendas of political reform.
    • The “color revolutions” in Georgia, Ukraine, and Kyrgyzstan have brought new hope for freedom across the Eurasian landmass.
    • Democracy has made further advances in Africa, Latin America, and Asia, with peaceful transfers of power; growth in independent judiciaries and the rule of law; improved election practices; and expanding political and economic rights.
    The human desire for freedom is universal, but the growth of freedom is not inevitable. Without support from free nations, freedom’s spread could be hampered by the challenges we face:
    • Many governments are at fragile stages of political development and need to consolidate democratic institutions – and leaders that have won democratic elections need to uphold the principles of democracy;
    • Some governments have regressed, eroding the democratic freedoms their peoples enjoy;
    • Some governments have not delivered the benefits of effective democracy and prosperity to their citizens, leaving them susceptible to or taken over by demagogues peddling an anti-free market authoritarianism;
    • Some regimes seek to separate economic liberty from political liberty, pursuing prosperity while denying their people basic rights and freedoms; and
    • Tyranny persists in its harshest form in a number of nations.
     

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