Category Political studies

Iran: Political Competition in Presidential Elections and Rising Chances of the Reformist Candidate

Iran: Political Competition in Presidential Elections and Rising Chances of the Reformist Candidate

The 14th Iranian presidential elections appear different from previous ones. While signs of electoral competition are absent from Tehran’s general scene, the situation is different in the electoral headquarters of the six candidates, the televised debates broadcast by Iranian television,…

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Social Constructivism: A Profound Challenge to Neo-realism and Neo-liberalism in International Relations Theory

Social Constructivism: A Profound Challenge to Neo-realism and Neo-liberalism in International Relations Theory

The emergence of social constructivism in the field of International Relations (IR) has posed significant epistemological, ontological, and normative challenges to the dominant paradigms of neo-realism and neo-liberalism. This article examines how constructivism fundamentally challenges key assumptions of these rationalist…

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