Algeria-Italy Relations: A Comprehensive Overview of a Fruitful Partnership

Algeria and Italy share a long history of partnership, collaboration, and friendship. Though relations between these two countries date back to centuries of trade and commerce during the Roman and Carthaginian eras, it is the contemporary relationship that stands out in political and economic terms. This article aims to explore the intricacies and dimensions of the Algeria-Italy relationship, delving into areas such as politics, trade, energy, migration, and cultural exchanges. By analyzing the facets that make up these relationships, the article sheds light on the mutual benefits that both countries derive from their strong ties.

  1. Historical Background

The history of Algerian and Italian interactions can be traced back to the times of the Roman and Numidian empires as well as the Carthaginian influence in the Mediterranean region. The foundation of the modern bilateral relationship began with the Algerian War of Independence (1954-1962), which indirectly involved Italy as a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). After Algeria gained its independence from France in 1962, diplomatic relations were formally established between the two nations, setting the tone for a period of economic and political partnership.

  1. Political Relations

Politically, Algeria and Italy have long enjoyed a close relationship, as both countries are important partners in the European Union (EU) and the African Union (AU) respectively, as well as various international forums. High-level meetings between leaders and regular political consultations prove the strength of their partnership. Italy supports Algeria’s diplomatic efforts toward regional peace and stability, in countries such as Libya, Western Sahara, and Mali, recognizing Algeria’s crucial role in Maghreb and Sahel regions.

The countries tackle migration and security issues, jointly combatting terrorism and organized crime through cooperation among intelligence agencies, law-enforcement organizations, and joint military exercises.

  1. Economic Relations

Economic relations between Algeria and Italy are among the cornerstones of their bilateral partnership. The mutual desire for increased trade and investment led to numerous accords. In 2020, Italy stood as Algeria’s fifth-largest trading partner and one of its leading importers. Major Italian companies like Eni and Saipem, in the fields of oil and gas, cement, telecommunications, pharmaceuticals, and infrastructure, are actively involved in Algerian trade and investment.

The two countries also established the Joint Economic Commission with the aim of further expanding and diversifying their economic connections. Higher volumes of trade and investment between them create not just economic, but also developmental opportunities for both nations.

  1. Energy Cooperation

A major aspect of the Algeria-Italy relationship lies in their close cooperation in the energy sector. Italy is one of Algeria’s primary customers, importing natural gas through the Trans-Mediterranean Gas Pipeline. The pipeline, commissioned in the early 1980s, is operated by a consortium led by Sonatrach, Algeria’s national oil and gas company, and Eni, its Italian counterpart. This cooperation is vital for Italy’s energy security and Algeria’s energy exports.

Algeria is also Italy’s third-largest oil supplier, contributing to the diversification of Italy’s energy sources. The two countries signed agreements for enhanced cooperation and joint projects in the renewable energy sector, underlining their commitment to sustainable development.

  1. Migration and Diaspora

Migration is a vital component of Algeria-Italy relations, as both countries face common challenges and opportunities linked to migratory flows in the Mediterranean. Many Italians migrated to Algeria during the colonial era, contributing to the country’s economic and cultural development. After Algeria’s independence, the Italian population dwindled but left a strong legacy.

An Algerian diaspora now exists in Italy, numbering approximately 100,000 individuals, contributing to the Italian economy and cultural landscape. The two countries collaborate extensively to manage migration and support the integration of their citizens, primarily through bilateral agreements and participation in joint initiatives such as the EU-AU Partnership.

  1. Cultural Exchanges and Education

Cultural and educational exchanges between Algeria and Italy have blossomed over the years. Italy supports numerous projects in the field of cultural preservation, including archaeological and conservation efforts. Furthermore, the Dante Alighieri Association, which promotes Italian language and culture globally, maintains an active presence in Algeria, hosting numerous cultural events and language courses.

Collaboration between Algerian and Italian higher education institutions is also noteworthy, with a focus on areas such as technology and humanities. Scholarships, exchange programs, academic conferences, research partnerships, and joint academic publications contribute to the continuous development of education and research in both countries.


Algeria and Italy enjoy a robust, multidimensional partnership that transcends geographical boundaries and historical roots. Their relationship is marked by mutual respect and shared interests that encompass politics, trade, energy, migration, cultural exchange, and beyond. By continually exploring new opportunities for collaboration, both countries aim to pave the way for an even more fruitful and harmonious partnership in the years to come.

SAKHRI Mohamed
SAKHRI Mohamed

I hold a bachelor's degree in political science and international relations as well as a Master's degree in international security studies, alongside a passion for web development. During my studies, I gained a strong understanding of key political concepts, theories in international relations, security and strategic studies, as well as the tools and research methods used in these fields.

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