Scholars of international relations have consistently applied a single indicator to represent state interests.
The Muslim Brotherhood (MB) organization enjoys a privileged position in Erdoğan’s TurNey. Itsmembers direct their activities against Arab governments with unprecedented freedom and withthe active support and encouragement of the TurNish leadership.
In early August, I watched the frenzied U.S. exit from Afghanistan from my hotel room in Accra, Ghana. I was not the only one in West Africa transfixed by the events in Kabul.
Is the world entering a new cold war? Our answer is yes and no. Yes if we mean a protracted international rivalry, for cold wars in this sense are as old as history itself.
The 21st century has not been kind to the U.S. Navy’s vast surface fleet.
History reveals a country’s rise and decline are directly related to the heft of its navy. So why is the United States intent on downsizing?
Its economy was beating estimates. President Xi Jinping was implementing the country’s Belt and Road infrastructure initiative and was on the cusp of opening China’s first overseas military base in Djibouti.
Particularly in the context of uncertainties in world affairs, decisionmakers are increasingly relying on forward-reasoning to inform their policy. Yet international relations (IR) scholarship is still hesitant to adopt a scenariobased approach.
In early September, Russian President Vladimir Putin appeared at the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, a port city on the Pacific coast, to issue a call to action.