May 14th: This Day in Military History

Warsaw Treaty Organization

Warsaw Pact
The Conference in Warsaw during which the Warsaw Pact was signed.©nieznany / Public Domain – Original / License

Known as the Warsaw Pact or the Warsaw Treaty Organization, the Soviet Union established this military alliance on May 14, 1955. The pact took place between the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries like Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Albania. The pact was seen as an opportunity to counter the growth of NATO or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

First Naval Engagement

Fairhaven Town Hall Massachusetts
The first naval engagement of the Revolutionary War took place off the Fairhaven, Massachusetts coast.©Matthew Botelho/Shutterstock.com

On May 14, 1775, the very first naval engagement of the Revolutionary War took place. Occurring off the coast of Fairhaven, Massachusetts, the battle was by no means substantial. A small force of American soldiers captured two small British ships and their crews. While it was a quick victory, it also did not significantly impact the outcome of the Revolutionary War.

Germany Captures the Netherlands

Allied aircraft drop paratroopers into German held Netherlands, for Operation Market Garden. The plan to capture key bridges in Netherlands failed with 15,000 Allied casualties.
Operation Market Garden was an attempt to free the Netherlands from Germany.©Everett Collection/Shutterstock.com

After much fighting in the region, it was on May 14th, 1940, that Dutch forces surrendered to the invading German army. As a result, the German occupation of the Netherlands began after five days of intense fighting. Nearly 900 people had been killed and over 85,000 people were left homeless as a result of the fighting.

British Capture of Fort Mifflin

Building Landmark Fort Mifflin, Philadelphia, PA
After British forces captured Fort Mifflin, they could land supplies in Philadelphia.©Andrew J Simcox/Shutterstock.com

Occurring on May 14th, 1779, British forces captured Fort Mifflin in Pennsylvania. The capture of the fort was a strategic loss for the American army as the fort had prevented British warships from landing supplies in the Philadelphia area. Fort Mifflin has also played a role in other wars including the Civil War, World War 2, and remained an active military base until 1962.

Battle of Resaca

Battle of Resaca
The Battle of Resaca was the first Civil War battle in Georgia.©Frank Leslie / Public Domain – Original / License

Taking place from May 13 to May 15, the Battle of Resaca was fought during the Civil War. The Union Force under the command of William Sherman was engaged by the Confederate Army led by Joseph E. Johnston. This was the first major battle that took place around Atlanta. It also marked the first time the Union and Confederate armies fought in Georgia.

End of North African Campaign

German Prison Yard
German prisoners were held after the Axis powers surrendered in North Africa.©National Museum of the U.S. Navy / Public Domain – Original / License

With the Axis powers surrendering in Tunisia on May 13th, 1943, it would all but end the German and Italian campaigns in North Africa. As a result, May 14th was the first day in World War 2 that there was no Axis resistance in the region.

Had the German army been better supplied in North Africa, it could have prolonged the war for years. However, what’s most important is that the collapse of North Africa allowed the Allies to start a campaign to capture Itay.

The image featured at the top of this post is ©Natalia44/Shutterstock.com.

SAKHRI Mohamed
SAKHRI Mohamed

I hold a bachelor's degree in political science and international relations as well as a Master's degree in international security studies, alongside a passion for web development. During my studies, I gained a strong understanding of key political concepts, theories in international relations, security and strategic studies, as well as the tools and research methods used in these fields.

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