By: A.M. Alaa Oribi Ghanem – the Arab Democratic Center
Research and studies centers have received wide and wide attention in the last decades of the twentieth century, as they have become one of the important alternatives in the process of the development of the state and its evaluation of scientific research and its prospects for scientific future, according to the scientific knowledge perspective of the development of human societies in general, and research centers have become an important and leading role In the leadership of global politics recently, it has become a major tool for the production of many effective strategic projects, as it has become an integral part of the development political scene in many developed countries, and it has risen to a position in which it has become one of the main actors in shaping the political, social, and educational trends of countries and one of The influencers in it, called the repositories of thought, and accordingly, the institutions of thought and opinion drew a pivotal role in formulating the foreign policy of developed countries in general and the United States in particular. The United States of America is a model, not a promotion, and here we strikeSuch as proverbs are multiplied and not measured ….
In the United States of America, there are approximately (2000) research studies centers in various specializations, as the Congress invites invitations to some experts in it and they appear before it and testify as experts to the Congress every month for a number of centers to participate in decision-making and develop strategies for the state and provides advice to the President of the Republic and policy makers, facts and figures Necessary for journalists and media professionals, and some of these centers are specific to certain continents or countries, and the United States adopts this method because those who founded it are the “founding fathers and they were thinkers”.
And important research centers, which alert policy makers in countries of how to make a decision away from improvisation that leads to mistakes. The information provided by these research institutes and centers passes through sensitive filters in charge of American political and strategic decision-making, which are collectively called institutions: the Presidency, Defense, Foreign Affairs, and Congress, and internal affairs represented by the ministries of the Interior, Economy, and Health. The second line supporting these major institutions comes: The intelligence service, the National Security Council, the diplomatic corps, and military bases scattered all over the world, then the media. Thus, research center studies are presented as a resource for decision-making institutions in the United States of America. Much of the research adopted by the research centers turns to advisory when they conflict With other resources. As for those that correspond to other resources, they are referred for implementation.
One of the most important activities of the human mind is scientific research. It is well known that the progress of nations and their civilized renaissance depends on their patronage, interest in it and its applications. Hence, this importance of scientific research requires attention to its institutions and tools, such as universities and research and study centers, whether governmental or private; Because of its fundamental role in the decision-making process and preparing the general policies of countries.
Hence, I suggest to the Iraqi government to go to research and study centers, and we have a lot to work in a single podcast to serve the Iraqi national interests, and be among the parties influencing the composition of Iraqi foreign policy, and the role of research and studies centers is the most important and most effective, where these can be drawn The centers are economic and social policies and plans, and they occur in the community in the noise of discussion on various issues, where the voice of opinions rises on how to manage the affairs of the country, and the state has an effective foreign policy, and it considers itself seriously concerned with what is happening outside its borders so that it affects and is affected by it, as these countries resorted to To allow studies and research centers to provide analysis, advice and recommendations that represent the result of the work of experts in the various fields of interest to the leadership, so that some of these centers are transformed into a foreign ministry in the “shadow”, which exerts a significant role and influence.
The study centers bridge the gap between the academic sphere on the one hand and the government institutions on the other hand. In universities, research is carried out with a theoretical and methodological background, away from everyday political problems. Within government agencies, employees are overwhelmed by the daily requirements of policymaking, making it difficult for them to take a step back to take into account the broad landscape of US policy. The centers act as bridging the gap between thought and practice.
The ideas put forward by the study centers play a role in building new concepts of national interests, influencing order of priorities, providing road maps necessary for implementing policies, and building a new design for dilapidated institutions.
The centers must seek to expand their influence to include elites, public opinion, and contemporary, different and diverse media, to publish a large part of their intellectual and political production, while maintaining another part under the degree of secrecy, and the study centers have a major role in building elitist and non-elite public opinion Thus, a strong and effective pressure force in directing the decision.
And to be an element to attract the attention of policymakers who are always busy and originally overwhelmed by the flow of information, study centers to access the many channels of media and rely on marketing strategies for their theses such as: publishing articles, books and research that coincides with raising issues, periodically appearing on TV channels, writing in pages Public opinion, the appearance in press interviews, the production of easy-to-read research papers and working papers, the creation of websites, as well as the provision of scientific lectures to government institutions, and the centers are due to pressure forces and interest groups seeking to systematically influence their internal and external policies of the state.
So the study centers are a complex structure of political, social, intellectual, economic and ideology in society. Therefore, the evaluation of what comes from them needs a set of determinants that take into account that composition, as well as what imposes itself of structural criteria related to the capabilities of each center separately, and this needs cooperation Between the government and these centers, the increasing role of research centers is an expression of the transfer of scientific research from the “individual researcher” stage to the “researcher-institution” stage. The human intellectual history has passed through these two centers, as research and thought centered at one stage around the individual, then moved The world is to centralize the institution, or in other words, collective thinking or teamwork in thought, in which the researcher seeks the expertise that the institution provides to him, including the diversity of specializations that include it, without canceling his individual opinion or his personal diligence.
Moreover, I propose to the Iraqi government to create the position of undersecretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for political and strategic planning, that puts political and strategic plans, and to put my articles in the hands of the relevant authorities, in addition to that I offer my modest services in this aspect in the service of the Iraqi state.