Economic studiesPolitical studies

Policy-based Approaches to Combating Economic Inequality

The COVID-19 pandemic’s horrific effects have left the world reeling, bringing economic inequity into sharp focus. The pandemic has revealed the disproportionate effect it has had on people who are already trying to make ends meet  around the world. It is more important than ever to implement progressive public policy solutions to deal with this urgent problem.

Throughout the past few decades, the gap between income and wealth has widened with a small number of people seeing their fortunes skyrocket while the great majority struggle. There are economic considerations as well as moral ones surrounding this subject. It is crucial that this problem is given top priority if we want to create a society where everyone may live in equity and prosperity.

To solve this problem, a number of progressive public policy initiatives can be implemented. Strengthening social safety nets is an important topic that requires attention. It is crucial to guarantee that everyone, regardless of financial level, has access to basic essentials including food, housing, and healthcare. This can be done by taking steps like increasing social welfare programs, instituting a universal basic income, and offering everyone access to inexpensive healthcare.

The expansion of educational and training opportunities is another crucial issue that needs urgent attention. In many nations, obtaining a great education is regrettably becoming an advantage only available to the wealthy, leaving individuals from lower-income backgrounds behind. This has created a vicious cycle of poverty where people are compelled to continue working in low-paying, dangerous positions because they are unable to find well-paying opportunities.

In order to end this cycle, progressive public policy initiatives must be implemented to guarantee that everyone, regardless of background, has access to high-quality education and training programs. This could entail actions like extending apprenticeship and vocational training; offering free or heavily discounted education and training programs, and providing low-income students with specific scholarships.

A crucial area of concentration is, lastly, revising tax laws. Via legal snags and tax deductions, the richest people and companies frequently manage to avoid paying their full share of taxes. This weakens the social contract that supports democratic countries by escalating economic inequality and eroding public confidence in the tax system.

It is necessary to enact progressive public policy measures to ensure the richest people and businesses pay their fair share of taxes in order to address this problem. This might entail raising tax rates for those with high incomes, removing tax loopholes, and imposing a wealth tax on the richest people.
Economic disparity has become a pressing concern. It is time for us to act and address this urgent problem, ensuring that every person has the chance to prosper. To achieve this, big and ambitious policy changes will be needed, along with a dedication to creating a society that is more just and equal. We must be prepared to question the status quo and resist the efforts of strong vested interests to uphold the current economic system.

The advantages of eliminating economic disparity, however, are too great to be ignored. We can create a world where everyone has the opportunity to achieve and where no one is left behind by putting money into social safety nets, expanding access to education and training, and changing tax laws.

In light of this, progressive public policy initiatives to combat economic disparity must be given top priority by decision-makers. These initiatives should focus on enhancing social safety nets, expanding access to education and training, and changing tax laws. They ought to be founded on fact-based research and crafted to address the underlying factors contributing to economic disparity. Progressive taxation and a basic universal income are two examples of policies that policymakers should actively support to eliminate income disparity.

Yet, policymakers are not the only ones who can help reduce economic disparity. It calls for everyone in society to work together. We must all contribute, whether it be by endorsing laws that advance economic equality or by taking personal measures like making donations to nonprofits that aid marginalized groups.

In the end, the problem of economic disparity is one of our time’s major problems. We can no longer afford to ignore it. As global citizens, we must work together to create a world that is more equitable and prosperous for all.

Saad Samad is a public policy student, studying at the National Defence University Islamabad

SAKHRI Mohamed

I hold a bachelor's degree in political science and international relations as well as a Master's degree in international security studies, alongside a passion for web development. During my studies, I gained a strong understanding of key political concepts, theories in international relations, security and strategic studies, as well as the tools and research methods used in these fields.

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