Smart cities and sustainable development bet for the future

Written by the international expert in information technology
Dr. Azab Al-Aziz Al-Hashemi

Introduction
A smart sustainable city is an innovative city that uses information and communication technology to improve the quality of life, efficiency of urban operations and services, and competitiveness, while at the same time meeting the needs of current and future generations in terms of economic, social, environmental, and cultural aspects. Governments and municipalities can use ICTs and other Technologies to build smarter, more sustainable cities for their citizens More than half of the world’s population today lives in cities. By 2050, about seven out of ten people will live in cities. Cities account for more than 70 percent of the world’s carbon emissions, and 60 to 80 percent of energy consumption. Rapid urbanization has led to additional challenges such as social disparities, traffic congestion, water pollution, and associated health issues. In addition, many cities are on their way to becoming smart and sustainable cities. They rely on ICTs, for example, to promote energy efficiency and waste management, improve housing and health care, improve traffic flow and safety, detect air quality, alert police to street crime and improve water and sanitation systems. Information and Communications The potential to accelerate the achievement of all seventeen United Nations sustainable development goals, including the eleventh goal, which aims to achieve sustainable cities and communities.

Objective and subjective requirements and necessities
There are a set of objective and subjective requirements to make a qualitative shift towards sustainable smart cities, the most important of which is a stable, secure, reliable and interoperable communication infrastructure to support a huge volume of applications and services based on information and communication technology. The main principles of these requirements are:
1- The recent developments in the internet – artificial intelligence – smart grids and smart meters are all driving and supporting the development of sustainable smart cities all over the world.
2- The importance of a rapidly growing network of computing devices to communicate with each other and exchange data and includes sensors and software – enables billions of devices and objects equipped with smart sensors to communicate with each other, gather information in real time, and send this data, via communications Wireless, to central control systems. These, in turn, manage traffic, reduce energy use, and improve a wide range of urban operations and services.
3- Artificial intelligence also allows the analysis of very large sets of data computationally to reveal patterns that are used to enrich and enhance the decision-making process in municipalities.
4- The importance of smart grids – in reference to the electricity supply networks that use digital communication technology to detect and interact with local changes in use – that help to optimize energy use in cities. Smart meters, smart sensors with IP addresses, can transmit information about energy use by end users to the energy supplier, giving end users more control over their consumption.
5- Just as the third and fourth generation networks used by mobile phones today pose a number of problems in supporting a set of services required for sustainable smart city applications, the development of fifth generation technology, and refers to the fifth generation of mobile communication technologies, provides the ability to connect devices reliably It uses the Internet and other devices, transfers data more quickly, and processes large amounts of data with the least amount of delay.
Objectives of smart cities towards integration towards sustainable development
Several experiences of countries have been able in recent years to transform into smart cities, by developing means of controlling traffic and parking, rehabilitating waste collection methods and managing landfills, and reducing energy consumption. Several countries have also created completely new smart cities that provide from the beginning all friendly standards. Building environment, relying on clean energy, and introducing modern technologies in all aspects of life.
How did the idea of these smart cities come about? Will the experiment also work in developing countries? What are the justifications for building these cities despite their high cost? Does it actually achieve its desired goals and contribute to rapid sustainable growth?

There is no dispute that the problem of environmental degradation is the greatest challenge facing the planet at the present time and in the coming years. It is an existential challenge for humanity, and urgent action must be taken to stop the bleeding. Thus, interest in smart cities as one of the sustainable solutions to the problem of climate change is no longer a luxury or just an improvement. For the quality of life, it is an imperative, especially if we recall that more than half of the world’s population currently lives in urban areas. These smart, digital or ecological cities also provide services that depend mainly on the infrastructure of information and communication technology, and this advanced structure helps in managing services The city has public lighting, water and sewage networks, safety and security, and the fight against crime. Residents of these cities can easily access most of the services through the Internet, which enables them to contact the various institutions and bodies in their city, and spend their interests electronically.

SAKHRI Mohamed
SAKHRI Mohamed

I hold a bachelor's degree in political science and international relations as well as a Master's degree in international security studies, alongside a passion for web development. During my studies, I gained a strong understanding of key political concepts, theories in international relations, security and strategic studies, as well as the tools and research methods used in these fields.

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