The Brics Group And The Global Governance: Between Challenges And Achievements

One promiment feature of the current international system is that several key emerging markets...

One promiment feature of the current international system is that several key emerging markets are gaining more space as influential global players , the past decade has seen the emergence of a variety of alliances ,these initiatives have mostly been driven by one purpose : Balancing out the recognized domination of international institutions and organisations by Western powers , those countries that have been most successful in contributing significantly in the global governance, and advancing a distinct set of interests in key international issues through collective action are now commonly referred to as the BRICS1, which brings together five major emerging
economies comprising 43 per cent of the world population , having 30 per cent of the wold GDP and 17 per cent share in the world trade .
The acronym BRIC was first used in 2001 by goldman sachs in their global economics paper « The World Needs Better Economic BRICS » on the basis of econometric analyses projection that the economies of Brazil, Russia, India China would individually and collectively occupy far greater economic space and would be among the world’s largest economies in the next 50 years or so which is the main finding in the other paper provided by the same center in 2003 « Dreaming with the BRICS , the path to 2050 « concretised it predicted that over the next 50 years the BRICS economies could become a major force in the world economy , and by 2050 the only industrialised developed economies among the six largest global economies would be the US and Japan in US Dollar terms. As a formel grouping , BRICS started after meeting of the leaders of Russia India and China in Saint Petersbourg on the margins of G8 outreach summit in 2006, the grouping was formalised during the first meeting of BRICS foreign ministers on the margins of United Nations General Assembly in New York in 2006, the first summit was held in Yekaterinburg ,Russia on 16 June 2009

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SAKHRI Mohamed

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  1. The term “BRIC” is believed to be coined in 2001 by then-chairman of Goldman Sachs Asset Management, Jim O’Neill, in his publication Building Better Global Economic BRICs.[10] But, it was actually coined by Roopa Purushothaman who was a Research Assistant in the original report.[11] The foreign ministers of the initial four BRIC General states (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) met in New York City in September 2006 at the margins of the General Debate of the UN Assembly, beginning a series of high-level meetings.[12] A full-scale diplomatic meeting was held in Yekaterinburg, Russia, on 16 June 2009.[13]

  2. BRICS est l’ acronyme d’une association de cinq grandes économies nationales émergentes : le Brésil , la Russie , l’ Inde , la Chine et l’Afrique du Sud . Les membres du BRICS sont connus pour leur influence significative sur les affaires régionales. [1] Depuis 2009, les nations BRICS se sont réunies chaque année lors de sommets officiels. Le Brésil a accueilli le 11e sommet BRICS le plus récent du 13 au 14 novembre 2019.

    À l’origine, les quatre premiers ont été regroupés sous le nom de « BRIC » (ou «les BRIC»), avant l’induction de l’Afrique du Sud en 2010. [2] Les BRICS ont une superficie combinée de 39 746 220 km2 (15 346 101,0 milles carrés) et une population totale estimée de environ 3,21 milliards [3], soit environ 27% de la surface terrestre mondiale et 41% de la population mondiale. Quatre membres sur cinq figurent parmi les dix plus grands pays du monde en termes de population et de superficie , à l’exception de l’Afrique du Sud, le vingt-quatrième des deux.

    Membres du G20 , en 2018, ces cinq pays avaient un PIB nominal combiné de 18,6 billions de dollars américains, environ 23,2% du produit mondial brut , un PIB combiné (PPA) d’environ 40,55 milliards de dollars américains (32% du PIB mondial PPA), et un total estimé de 4,46 billions de dollars américains de réserves de change. [4] [5] Les BRICS ont reçu les éloges et les critiques de nombreux commentateurs. [6] [7] [8] Les relations bilatérales entre les nations BRICS sont menées principalement sur la base de la non-ingérence, de l’égalité et des avantages mutuels