The American Peace Formula

In a significant geopolitical maneuver, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has tentatively accepted the phased peace plan proposed by US President Joe Biden. This proposal is intended to halt the relentless Israeli aggression and the harrowing genocide of Palestinians in Gaza, Rafah, and other afflicted areas. Interestingly, the Palestinian Hurriyat movement, Hamas, has responded with cautious optimism, providing a rare, although fragile, beacon of hope for a potential cessation of hostilities. This delicate situation underscores the dire need for an immediate and effective resolution to one of the most protracted and brutal conflicts in modern history.

The Biden peace plan, originally an Israeli proposition, has been met with doubt and apprehension from Palestinians and neutral observers alike. Many perceive it as a strategic facade, designed to advance Israeli territorial and political ambitions under the auspices of American diplomacy. Despite these concerns, President Biden’s announcement delineates a comprehensive three-phase strategy aimed at de-escalating the conflict and fostering lasting peace.

The first phase of the plan mandates the withdrawal of the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) from all occupied areas of Gaza and the immediate release of hostages within a six-week timeframe. This initial step is critical to de-escalating the immediate violence and creating a conducive environment for further diplomatic engagements. The second phase envisions a series of structured, regular negotiations between Israeli and Hamas representatives. Should these talk yield positive outcomes, the final phase contemplates a permanent ceasefire agreement. Crucially, the plan stipulates a cessation of hostilities if the negotiations are ongoing, providing a necessary respite from the relentless violence.

Despite this proposed framework for peace, Israel remains steadfast in its objective to eradicate Hamas, often at the grave expense of innocent Palestinian lives. This unwavering stance has drawn intense criticism both domestically and internationally, with mounting calls for an immediate halt to the indiscriminate killings of Palestinian civilians, including women and children. The conflict has seen Israel subjecting civilian populations, hospitals, aid centers, and shelters to relentless bombardment, resulting in an appalling loss of life. The brutality has not spared humanitarian workers either, with hundreds of World Health Organization or United Nations personnel killed in the crossfire.

The international community’s response has been overwhelmingly supportive of a diplomatic solution to the Palestinian plight. A significant majority of United Nations member states, 146 out of 193, have recognized Palestine and endorsed efforts to resolve the conflict through peaceful dialogue. However, Israel, fortified by unwavering American support, has largely dismissed these international pressures. In Washington, American security adviser John Kirby reiterated that Biden’s “framework deal” is rooted in Israeli proposals. The United States, while promoting this peace plan, has withheld further military support to Israel, signaling a nuanced shift in its policy.

Within the US Congress, a coalition of pro-Israel Republicans and Democrats has vehemently called for the rejection of the International Court of Justice’s (ICJ) decision, which President Biden ultimately chose not to endorse due to significant international opposition. The phased ceasefire plan, if implemented with the genuine consent of all stakeholders, holds the potential not only to restore Palestinian territories but also to mitigate broader threats to global peace, particularly in the volatile Middle East region.

The American peace formula, though structured and ostensibly promising, faces significant hurdles. The unwavering support for Israel by the United States and its allies, notably the United Kingdom, complicates the prospects for genuine and enduring peace. The international community continues to call for an immediate end to the violence and a fair resolution that acknowledges and respects the rights and aspirations of the Palestinian people.

The historical context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is essential to understanding the current dynamics and the potential efficacy of the Biden plan. The roots of the conflict trace back to the early 20th century, with competing nationalist movements and the subsequent establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. The ensuing decades have been marked by wars, intifadas, and numerous failed peace attempts, each leaving behind a legacy of mistrust and animosity.

In this context, the Biden plan represents yet another attempt to break the cycle of violence and foster a sustainable peace. However, the plan’s success hinges on several critical factors. Firstly, the genuine commitment of both parties to engage in meaningful dialogue and compromise is paramount. Secondly, the international community, particularly influential actors like the United States and European Union, must exert balanced pressure on both Israel and Hamas to adhere to the plan’s stipulations.

Moreover, addressing the humanitarian crisis in Gaza and other affected areas is crucial. Immediate and sustained efforts to provide medical aid, rebuild infrastructure, and support displaced populations will be vital in creating a stable environment conducive to peace. The international community’s role in facilitating these efforts cannot be overstated.

Sahibzada Usman
Sahibzada Usman

The writer holds a PhD in geopolitics and is the author of ‘Different Approaches on Central Asia: Economic, Security, and Energy’ with Lexington, USA.

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